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six sigma bottom up approach to investing

Companies invest a great deal of time, effort and money in Lean Six Sigma programs. So if you're doing a project, the expectations are. Lean Six Sigma is a team-focused managerial approach that seeks to improve performance by eliminating resource waste and defects. Six sigma is a strategic quality control method that is used to identify errors within the processes and plans of a business organization. INWESTOWANIE W BITCOINS

Analyzing financial information is an important step to take, as being able to communicate the potential impact on profits will reinforce your project's benefits. Manageable scope — don't set out to 'boil the ocean' Our respondents ranked a manageable scope as the second most important characteristic of a good project.

A desire to achieve the kind of incredible gains that have garnered a lot publicity in the past can result in projects that are simply too large in scope to be manageable. A good project involves a measurable defect, or a process for which changes can be measured accurately. Tools for Project Selection A project may be important and beneficial, but may not meet the criteria to be a good Lean Six Sigma project. And you may have dozens — even hundreds — of potential projects to choose from.

Like process maps and many other project planning tools, the best and most collaborative way to start is often good old-fashioned post-its and whiteboards. When you are ready start scoring the viability of projects, Minitab Engage process improvement software has a few great tools to help you narrow your options and select the best projects to move forward. A Project Risk Assessment will help you determine whether a potential project can be brought to successful completion on time.

Precision It is the accuracy of a measurement. When used in reference to sampling, this entails how much of change you need to be able to detect. As the need for precision increases, so does the sample size. Preliminary Plan It is used in the early phase of a project, while developing milestones for team activities related to process improvement; includes key tasks, target completion dates, responsibilities, potential problems, obstacles and contingencies, and communication strategies.

Process It is a series of steps or actions that lead to a desired result or output. A set of common tasks that creates a product, service, process or plan that will satisfy a customer or group of customers. Process Owner Process owners are the responsible individuals for a specific process. Process Capability Statistical measures that summarize how much variation there is in a process relative to customer specifications. Process Improvement Improvement approach focused on incremental changes, involves solutions to eliminate or reduce defects, costs, or cycle time; leaves basic design and assumptions of a process intact.

Process in Control A statistical concept indicating that a process is operating within an expected range of variation and that variation is being influenced mainly by "common cause" factors; processes operating in this state are referred to as "in control". Process Map or Flowchart Graphic display of the flow or sequence of events that a product or service follows; it shows all activities, decision points, rework loops, and handoffs. Process Redesign It is a method of restructuring a process by eliminating handoffs, rework, inspection points, and other non-value-adding activities; typically means a "clean slate" design and accommodates major changes or improvements.

The nominator evaluates the project. Project Sponsor This is a member of the executive committee, strong advocate of the project and can assist with barriers that may come up. Quick Hit Project It is a small project that can be quickly implemented and that does not require a Black Belt to resolve and implement. RACI Matrix A project management tools that identifies all required tasks or activities, the parties are involved in those tasks as well as their level or type of involvement.

A RACI is used to ensure clarity on roles and responsibilities in a team environment. Return on Investment ROI It is a measure of the financial returns from an investment opportunity, expressed as a percentage. All else being equal, projects with a larger ROI are more attractive investment opportunities. Random Sampling It is a method that allows each item or person chosen to be measured, to be selected completely by chance. Regression It is the statistical study of relationships.

An analytical tool that allows an assessment of a key outcome and extent to which one or more factors being studied can explain the variation in results see also Simple Linear Regression; Multiple Regression. Reproducibility means that the other people, other instruments or other labs get the same result you get when measuring the same item or characteristic.

Required Best Practices A project designated by the division or global leadership team that delivers superior performance when implemented across a class of properties. Rework Loop It is an instance in a process when the item or data moving through the process needs correction by returning it to a previous step in the process. Risk Management Risk management is thinking ahead, identifying potential problems, and preparing for things that may go wrong. Rolled Throughput Yield The cumulative calculation of defects through multiple steps in a process; calculated as the product of the individual yield at each step.

Run Chart or time plot, trend chart Measurement display tool showing variation in a factor over time; indicates trends, patterns, and instances of special causes of variation. Sampling Collecting and using a portion of all of the data to draw conclusions for example, timing the check-in process for every tenth guest.

Sampling Bias It is collecting an unrepresentative "slice" of data that leads to inaccurate conclusions. Scatter Plot or Diagram It is the graph used to show the relationship or correlation between two factors or variables. Scope It defines the boundaries of the process; clarifies specifically where the start and end points for improvement reside, defines where and what to measure and analyze and needs to be within the sphere of control of the team, working on the project.

Simple Linear Regression The statistical study of the relationship between a single variable X to a single output Y. Solution Statement A clear description of the proposed solution used to evaluate and select the best solution to implement. Special Cause Variation It is an event that impacts processes only under "special" circumstances i. Stakeholder Analysis Identifies all stakeholders impacted by a project and their anticipated and required levels of support for the project.

Typical stakeholders include managers, people who work in the process under study, other departments, customers, suppliers and finance. Standard Deviation Standard Deviation is an indicator of the amount of variation or inconsistency in any group of items or processes. Standard Operating Procedure SOP A document that compiles all procedures, job tasks, scripts of interactions with customers or others, data collection instructions and forms, and an updated list of resources to be consulted for clarification of procedures.

Storyboard It is a visual display outlining the highlights of a project and its components leading the team to a solution. Stratification Stratification means dividing data into groups based on key characteristics.

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Before working as an editor, she earned a Master of Public Health degree in health services and worked in non-profit administration. Lean Six Sigma is a team-focused managerial approach that seeks to improve performance by eliminating resource waste and defects.

It strives to eliminate the waste of physical resources, time, effort, and talent while assuring quality in production and organizational processes. Simply put, Lean Six Sigma teaches that any use of resources that doesn't create value for the end customer is considered a waste and should be eliminated.

It combines the process improvement methods of Six Sigma and lean enterprise. Lean Six Sigma helps to establish a clear path to achieving improvement objectives. The Lean strategy was established by Toyota in the s and attempts to streamline operational processes, from manufacturing to transactions. Six Sigma originated in the s and seeks to improve output quality by reducing defects. Lean methodology was established by Japanese automaker Toyota in the s.

Its purpose was to remove non-value-adding activities from the production process. Six Sigma was established in the s by an engineer at U. It was trademarked by the company in Its method seeks to identify and reduce defects in the production process. It also strives to streamline the variability of the production process. Lean Six Sigma emerged in the s as large U. Companies can arrange for Lean Six Sigma training and certification from a wide selection of organizations that specialize in the approaches of Lean Six Sigma and Six Sigma.

The Lean Six Sigma Concept The lean concept of management focuses on the reduction and elimination of eight kinds of waste known as DOWNTIME, an acronym formed by the words defects, overproduction, waiting, non-utilized talent, transportation, inventory, motion, and extra-processing.

Lean refers to any method, measure, or tool that helps in the identification and elimination of waste. The term Six Sigma refers to tools and techniques that are used to improve manufacturing processes. The strategy attempts to identify and eliminate the causes of defects and variations in business and manufacturing processes. The acronym stands for define, measure, analyze, improve, and control. It refers to the data-driven five-step method for improving, optimizing, and stabilizing business and manufacturing processes.

A Lean Six Sigma approach that combines Lean strategy and Six Sigma's tools and techniques highlights processes that are prone to waste, defects, and variation and then reduces them to ensure improvement in a company's operational processes. Lean Six Sigma Techniques The techniques and tools used to accomplish essential goals of the Lean Six Sigma strategy include: Kanban workflow management practices such as work visualization and limited work in progress that maximize efficiency and promote continuous improvement.

Kaizen practices that engage employees and promote a work environment that emphasizes self-development and ongoing improvement. Value stream mapping to analyze places to eliminate waste and optimize process steps. The 5S tool to ensure that the workplace is efficient, productive, safe, and successful. Benefits of Lean Six Sigma By increasing the efficiency of important processes, companies can improve the work experience for employees and the customer experience for buyers.

This can build loyalty inside and outside of a company. Streamlined, simplified processes can increase control and a company's ability to capitalize on new opportunities quickly. They can also lead to more sales and revenue, lower costs, and more successful business results. Involving employees in a group or a company-wide efficiency effort can improve their skills e.

By preventing defects, companies save on the time, money, and human effort previously required to identify and eliminate them. Ultimately, all components of the business process benefits—employees, customers, vendors, and the company. They are used to identify and improve existing process problems with unknown root causes. Define Define the problem from a company perspective, stakeholder perspective, and customer perspective.

Figure out the quality expectations that customers have and the extent of the problem. Measure Examine the current process and how it contributes to the problem. Bottom-up investing forces investors to consider microeconomic factors, including a company's overall financial health, financial statements , the products and services offered, supply, and demand.

For example, a company's unique marketing strategy or organizational structure may be a leading indicator that causes a bottom-up investor to invest. Alternatively, accounting irregularities on a particular company's financial statements may indicate problems for a firm in an otherwise booming industry sector. Key Takeaways Bottom-up investing is an investment approach that focuses on analyzing individual stocks and de-emphasizes the significance of macroeconomic and market cycles.

Bottom-up investors focus on a specific company and its fundamentals, whereas top-down investors focus on the industry and economy. The bottom-up approach assumes individual companies can do well even in an underperforming industry. Top-down investors instead look at the broad performance of the economy and then seek industries that are performing well, investing in the best opportunities within that industry.

Conversely, making sound decisions based on a bottom-up investing strategy entails picking a company and giving it a thorough review before investing. This strategy includes becoming familiar with the company's public research reports. Most of the time, bottom-up investing does not stop at the individual firm level, although that is where analysis begins and the most weight is given. The industry group, economic sector, market, and macroeconomic factors are eventually brought into the overall analysis.

However, the investment research process begins at the bottom and works its way up in scale. Bottom-up investors usually employ long-term, buy-and-hold strategies that rely strongly on fundamental analysis. This is because a bottom-up approach to investing gives an investor a deep understanding of a single company and its stock, providing insight into an investment's long-term growth potential. On the other hand, top-down investors can be more opportunistic in their investment strategy and may seek to enter and exit positions quickly to make profits off short-term market movements.

Bottom-up investors can be most successful when they invest in a company they actively use and know about from the ground level. Companies such as Meta formerly Facebook , Google, and Tesla are all excellent examples of this strategy since each has a well-known consumer product that can be used every day. The bottom-up perspective involves understanding a company's value from the perspective of relevance to consumers in the real world.

Example of a Bottom-Up Approach Meta META is a good potential candidate for a bottom-up approach because investors intuitively understand its products and services well. Once a candidate such as Meta is identified as a "good" company, an investor conducts a deep dive into its management and organizational structure, financial statements, marketing efforts, and price per share. This would include calculating financial ratios for the company, analyzing how those figures have changed over time, and projecting future growth.

Next, the analyst takes a step up from the individual firm and compares Meta's financials with that of its competitors and industry peers in the social media and internet industry.

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